According to Research generated by McKinsey, the State of the Global Workforce in 2016 finds that one out of every four jobs will be lost to artificial intelligence within three years, making the US workforce the most exposed to AI risk globally. McKinsey also finds that white-collar jobs are more exposed to automation than blue-collar jobs, and that the jobs most susceptible to change are those involving repetitive tasks. The creative and analytical tasks are unlikely to be displaced, as they link workers to intellectual capital. Over 40 million US jobs could be lost to automation over the next decade, and roughly 40% of those affected will be low-skill, low-wage jobs. The digital revolution has already achieved a major milestone in transforming the process of employment: the decline in job creation and growth. From 1996 to 2016, the United States lost about 100,000 jobs a month due to automation. Expert opinions differentiate between roles susceptible to automation (manufacturing, professions, IT, administrative workers) and roles resistant (caring, creative, leadership) and suggest that the workforce vulnerable to automation is universal, rising with higher education and reflecting the needs of globalization and technology. As the economy continues through the critical Fourth Industrial Revolution, skills shifts will take place, and the skills shifts will vary not only across industries but even within industries. After examining the factors that will drive skill demand in the coming years, and identifying what skills are required by workers to stay relevant, we have developed an in-depth and insightful framework for examining future skills requirements.
In a 2015 data brief published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), it was found that India relied largely on low- skill migrants from West Asia, Africa, and East Asia, rather than on skilled labour from Australia and Western Europe. In 2014, nearly half of the 150,000 immigrants who entered India needed education that was below the high-school level, and nearly a third were illiterate. d2c66b5586